Skip to content

What is aeronautical medicine (AME)?

Medical professionals who study how the human body reacts when exposed to considerable changes in atmospheric pressure, such as activities such as flying, scuba diving or those performed in space. A person’s system is adapted to certain conditions, and the aforementioned situations impose on him a series of changes that have to be considered when determining how his functioning and health will be. In this way, aeronautical medicine is basically preventive and tries to study the possible complications of subjecting people to high pressures


Medical Service

Who should attend to Aeronautical Medicine?

This specialty has been growing in importance hand in hand with the development of commercial aviation. As you can imagine, more and more users of commercial flights are being used. All kinds of people travel daily, there are passengers of all ages (from babies to elderly people) and with all kinds of medical conditions. It is important to be able to establish how these conditions may affect flight users in order to be able to make prior recommendations. Flights  are longer and the trend in this regard is upwards. In this case, not only the effect of atmospheric pressures is studied, but also conditions related to motor skills because this is limited by the little space available and the number of hours that are seated, and those related to biological rhythms. On long-distance flights, different time zones are crossed, so that there may be variations in terms of the times when the medications that are scheduled must be administered and of course a change in sleep-wake patterns that affects adaptation at the destination.

On one side, professionals such as pilots or cabin crew spend much of their vital time under the circumstances of high pressure, poor mobility, many hours sitting or standing… etc. These conditions are considered occupational risks for them so they should receive advice on how they can prevent them and take care of the illnesses or injuries that arise from their day to day.

This type of job has a great responsibility. Above all, in the case of pilots, it is necessary to ensure that they are in excellent health so that they do not become unwell during the course of a flight as they have the lives of passengers and cabin crew in their hands. Not only in these extreme cases, but in a more natural way their indispositions can affect the tight planning of flights at airports, generating delays and other complications.

The reason why aeronautical medicine services are most frequently visited is that medical examinations are being performed in order to obtain the various flight licences.

Validity of Medical Certificates

These medical certificates have a validity determined according to the class. Once this period has been completed, the certificate must be renewed and retested.

Class 1

Validity of one year as long as you are under 60 years of age. In case of exceeding this age or although you are 40 years old but commercial air transport is carried out, the medical certificate must be renewed every 6 months.

Class 2

It must be renewed every 5 years for those under 40 years of age. After and until the age of 50, the renewal must be biannual. After that age, it will be annual. In any case, the renewal must be carried out at the age of 42 and at the age of 51, even if these deadlines have not been met.

Class 3

Every two years until the age of 40, annual thereafter, for both generals and AFIS.

Class C.C

The renewal will be made every 5 years and at the age of 42 on a mandatory basis. Between the age of 40 and up to 50 the renewal will be every

LAPL Class

It will be renewed every 5 years until the age of 40, and will be mandatory at 42 years. Once this age is over, the renewal is carried out every 2 years.

Aeronautical License

Aeronautical license
Medical certificates
Professional pilots (ATPL and CPL)
Class 1
Private Pilots (PPL) with instrumental flight rating
Class 2 (Class 1 hearing requirement)
Private pilots (PPL) with night flight authorization
Class 2, (safe color perception)
Private pilots (PPL), Ultralight pilots (ULM), glider pilots (SPL), balloon pilots (BPL) and Drones or RPA’s of more than 25Kg
Class 2
Air traffic controllers
Class 3
AFIS Drivers
Class 3 AFIS
Cabin Crew (TCP)
Class C.C.
Drones or RPA’s
LAPL class

The specific medical examination for each class is necessary to obtain the corresponding licenses. That way, to get the Class 1 pilot license you need the Class 1 medical certificate and so on. Our QUALIFLIGHT MEDICAL CENTER Medical Center in Malpensa is a center certified by the  ENAC  (L’Ente nazionale per l’aviazione civile ) and the  QUALIFLIGHT medical center certified by this institution for this purpose. Obtaining your medical certificate in a certified center you will have the security that this is valid since it complies with the provisions of the regulations. In addition, you have the experience of the renowned medical professionals, we serve our patients in Italian and English.

Frequently questions

Our schedule to perform medical examinations for pilots is from 8:00H to 18:00H Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

To speed up the time of the visit it is highly recommended to come with the pre-application for medical examination of ENAC  (L’Ente nazionale per l’aviazione civile ) completed, for this click here in case of impossibility or any problem arises you will be provided with a computer in the clinic, for this purpose.

We remind them that the applicant must come without having urinated in the last 3 hours. If also the day before the diet is poor in fat and rich in salads, so much the better to obtain a good lipid and glycemic profile.

Volandia, Via per Tornavento, 15, 21019
Somma Lombardo VA, Italia

10 minutes walking from Malpensa airport